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A great historian and researcher Gyani Garja Singh was the first person to write about the family background of Baba Bachitter Singh.

Gyani Garja Singh got a Gurmukhi script of 'Guru Kian Sakhian' book which was written in Bhatakhri by Bhai Swaroop Singh Kaushik in 1790 A.D. It was written in Gurmukhi script by Bhai Chhajju Ram Bhatt. Gyani Garja Singh unfolded the hidden treasures of this book and got it published for the first time in 1986.

According to this book Baba Bachitter Singh was the son of a great martyr Bhai Mani Singh. Baba Bachitter Singh's grand father Mai Dass and his brothers too had faith in 'Guru Ghar'. Mai Dass's two brothers Dasa and Suhela sacrificed their lives while fighting with Turks (at village Palahi near Phagwara, Distt. Kapurthala, Punjab) on the first day of Jeth (Bikrami Sammat 1692).

Baba Bachitter Singh's great grandfather Naik Ballu Banjhrawat had killed Murtaza Khan who was responsible for the martyrdom of Fifth Guru Arjun Dev ji. Baba Bachitter Singh's sub-caste was Binjhe Ka Banjhrawat (Panwar).

His mother's name was Mata Sito Bai. Mata Sito was the daughter of Baba Lakhi Shah Bartia who had cremated ninth guru, Guru Teg Bahadur's dead body by setting his mansion on fire.

'Guru Kian Sakhian' tell us elucidatingly about Baba Bachitter Singh's greatness. One such 'Sakhi' is about whisking awaya killer and drunkard elephant. On 29th, 30th and 31st of Bhadron (Bikrami Sammat 1757) a hilly area King Ajmer Chand attacked Sikhs three times again and again but he had to step back. So he began discussing strategy with other kings of the area. Raja Kesari Chand was a known warrior amongst them in those days. He said that this time he would lead the army. An aged minister Parmanand suggested that they should attack Guru Gobind Singh's Lohgarh Fort, the next day. He also suggested that to break the strong gate of the fort a heavily drunk elephant should be sent with iron shields on its forehead. And all these discussions of hilly area kings were narrated to Guru Ji (Guru Gobind Singh) by a spy named Chattar Singh Brar.

Guru ji entrusted Bhai Salo's grandson Duni Chand Dhaliwal to face the elephant but Duni Chand gave up and left the fort overnight alongwith some of his companions.

Next day when Guru ji came to know about it, he gave this very service to Bachitter Singh. Guru ji also gave him a spear called 'Trivaini'. Thereafter Baba ji came toward Lohgarh Fort.

When he (Baba Bachitter Singh) saw that an elephant is followed by Raja Kesari Chand Jaswaria and a large army is following him, Baba ji raised the slogan 'Sat Sri Akaal' and with the speed of lightening took his horse near the elephant. He stood on the stirrup of the horse and struck the spear in the forehead of the elephant with such a might that it pierced through the iron shields. Baba Bachitter Singh than pulled back the spear from the forehead of the elephant while applying force immediately and the elephant retreated making a noise.

The elephant killed many of the armymen of its own(that of the Rajas army). Right there Baba Bachitter Singh's younger brother, Baba Udey Singh beheaded Raja Kesari Chand Jaswaria, put his head on the spear head and came back to Anandgarh Fort.

Things did not end here. When the hilly area Rajas got Anandgarh Fort evacuated on false promises then Guru Gobind Singh was putting upon Nirmohgarh Sandhill. Here, Raja Ajmer Chand encircled Guru ji on 7th of Kartik Sammat 1757. There was a fierce battle.

Baba Bachitter Singh fought with such bravery here that a very rare example of that bravery is found in the world.

Then Guru ji came towards Kotla Nihang Singh (near Ropar) from Sarsa Nadi (a stream). Soon after, a fierce battle was fought on the bank of Sarsa. Many Sikhs laid down their lives here. The Turk army crossed Sarsa towards Ropar.

Baba Bachitter Singh also came towards Ropar. He had a tough battle with Sarhindi army on the plains of Malakpur Ranghran. His companions met their ends one by one. Baba ji was badly wounded and he fell on the ground. Right there reached Sahibzada Ajit Singh with other sikhs. He bought Baba Bachitter Singh to Kotla Nihang Khan where Guru Gobind Singh was staying. Baba Bachitter Singh's condition was very serious. Guru ji gave him blessings and left towards Lakhmipur at night.

Later, someone informed the police that sikhs are putting up in the mansion of Chaudhry Nihang Khan. His daughter Mumtaz was looking after wounded Baba Bachitter Singh. When policemen asked who was inside, Chaudhry Nihang Khan said that his daughter and son-in-law are putting up there. He offered to open the door. Jafar Ali said that there was no need for that and he left the mansion.

Bibi Mumtaz had heard what her father had said. She pledged that right from that moment Baba Bachitter Singh (who was rather on death-bed) was her husband. She vowed never to marry at Bassi Pathanan. Despite the advice of her parents she stood upon her decision.
Thus, Baba Bachitter Singh's name remains enshined in the Sikh History forever as a great warrior and martyr.
Written by:  Om Parkash Kamal

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